The temptation of technical fixes could be overcome—at least that’s how an engineer may see it—by the inclusion of the social sciences in the systematic improvement and software of information to the answer of human problems. Social engineering is to many a specter to be saved at as large a distance as possible instead of an ideal to be pursued. Karl Popper referred to acceptable types of implementing social change as ‘piecemeal social engineering’ and contrasted it to the revolutionary but fully unfounded schemes advocated by, e.g., Marxism. In the entry on Karl Popper, nonetheless, his alternative of phrases is known as ‘rather unfortunate’.

More usually, the claim that applied sciences have ethical company sometimes seems to have become shorthand for claiming that technology is morally related. This, nonetheless, overlooks the very fact applied sciences may be value-laden in different ways than by having moral company (see, e.g., Johnson 2006; …

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